Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar has been one of the true reformers of modern India. Through his indomitable spirit and determination, he has warded off the evils of caste discrimination. was a member of the Constituent Assembly which framed the constitution.
The Indian Democracy is the most diverse among the ones existing in the world. Have you ever wondered who contributed to the flourishing of different races, caste, and religion?
Babasaheb Ambedkar created reforms for the upliftment of backward classes. He prevented them from social malpractices. A socially backward individual with a caste constraint can sustain in a diverse domestic environment like India.
|Full Name||Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar|
|Born||14 April 1891, Dr. Ambedkar Nagar|
|Died||6 December 1956, Delhi|
|Education||London School Of Economics and Political Science|
|Spouse||Savita Ambedkar (m. 1948-1956), Ramabai Ambedkar (m. 1906-1935)|
On the occasion of his 125th Birth Anniversary, tributes poured in from all corners. Dr Richard Mosse, a professional of Anthropology and South Asian studies at the London School of Economics delivered one of the most compelling lectures on this topic. The following excerpts glorify Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar’s role in Indian Society-
Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar; A thorough professional
Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar had a special outlook towards life. His study in Anthropology gave him a wider perspective of Indian society. His contributions in the field of Anthropology are-
- He adopted the benefits of western culture and its social functioning.
- His social reform movements were aimed towards communal good.
- His knowledge about Indian culture gave him an idea about societal functioning.
- The caste structure in India is diverse. He worked against abolishing social evils.
- Babasaheb Ambedkar’s approach towards communal orientation gave him an idea about how Indian society operated.
Major Facts About Dr Ambedkar
Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar emerged as one of the greatest reformers of the 20th Century. His social knowledge allowed him the opportunity to expand the horizons of societal learning and understanding. His ideas took an important shape in reforming Indian society.
- He addressed the social reality of the caste system.
- Babasaheb Ambedkar understood the pangs of the people who comprised the lower strata of Indian society. He introduced several reforms to ensure betterment for them.
- He looked after the rights and civic amenities of the marginally oppressed group of the society. His contribution expanded from providing them with equal rights and privileges and a say in the functioning of constitutional structure.
- Babasaheb Ambedkar considered social inequality a part of economic inequality. His ideas of social functioning were directly linked to that of economic societal behaviour.
- He did not impose religion and the facets of its functioning on social inequality. He advocated the practice of different religions. Babasaheb Ambedkar remarked that in a free India, all citizens are allowed to profess the religion of their choice.
Contribution to Indian Democracy
Babasaheb Ambedkar was a socialist at heart. He believed in the maxim that the greater good can be achieved only by sharing the resources. In his career, he aimed his reform policies towards making India a socially reformed economy.
He did not rule out the possibility of the intervention of Government Institutions. Babasaheb Ambedkar believed that a regulatory authority was necessary to maintain law and order. He mixed the benefits of both systems. He was instrumental in creating Indian Democracy. Below is his contribution towards Indian Democracy-
- He introduced the reservation civic rights for the backward classes.
- He worked towards the abolishment of social blockages among Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes.
- Through his constitutional reforms, Babasaheb Ambedkar introduced social equality. He removed the existing mentality of rejecting the appeals of the socially downtrodden.
- He advocated rights that would ensure that the socially marginalized section would have equal say in the formation of the Government and its subsidiary Administrative bodies.
- Babasaheb Ambedkar believed Democracy was another name for equality. Thus he emphasized strengthening the existing democratic structures. He introduced social reforms to incorporate changes in caste functioning.
Necessity of Religion
In the later part of his years, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar became an avid follower of Buddhism. He enshrined himself in the principles and teachings of Buddha. He believed that peace can be the solution to a better and morally improved society. Here are some important characteristics of his conversion to Buddhism-
- A mass Dalit leader, Babasaheb Ambedkar encouraged his followers to advocate Buddhism.
- His appreciation of human life encouraged him to turn to Buddhism. Worshipping a multitude of gods and goddesses was never his real intention.
- Buddhism offered spiritual salvation to the economically and socially weak strata of the society. Therefore he encouraged a communion of identity and community.
Thus through his active work in the social reform movements, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar established himself as one of the greatest leaders of the 20th Century Reform Movement in India. His relevance would remain unparalleled in the years to come as well.
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