Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts various exams – however, the most desired and sought-after would be definitely IAS and IES. IAS/IPS/IRS and other jobs through Civil Services Exam (CSE) provides diverse, challenging work experience and social prestige. A huge number of candidates from different states take these exams, competing for limited posts.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the permanent bureaucracy in India which forms the major part of the executive branch of the Government, thus providing a smooth continuity and neutrality to its administration.
IAS officers hold various positions of high importance, in the Union Government, State Government, and public-sector undertakings.IAS is the permanent bureaucracy in India which forms an inseparable and major part of the executive branch of the Government of India.
Indian Engineering Services abbreviated as IES are the services that meet the technical and certain key managerial functions of our Government. IES officers are selected by the union government on certain recommendations made by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The examination which is called as the Engineering Services Examination (ESE) is conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services.
Difference between IAS and IES
> IAS has different branches like IPS, IRS, IFS and those candidates who clear the exam will join different administrative services as its respective officers.
> The IAS officers are employed in the administrative departments of the Indian government.
A bachelor’s degree in any discipline is the only academic pre-requisite to be eligible for the Civil Services Exam.
> The candidates can choose from a wide variety of subjects according to their preferences. This consists of three rounds which is mainly two written (CS Mains, CS Prelims) and an interview round. The civil service attempts are limited to 6 and you are eligible to write the main exams only after you clear the prelims.
>The Centre is involved in the formulation and implementation of policies pertaining to particular areas like finance, commerce, defense, etc. are the main responsibility of an IAS officer.
IAS officers at various levels like joint secretary, deputy secretary put forward their contributions in the process of policy formulation and decision making. The final shape of the policy is given by the concerned minister or the cabinet with the concurrence of the issue depending upon its gravity.
> The designations held by IAS officers during field posting are as follows:
1) SDO/SDM/Joint Collector/ Chief Development Officer (CDO)
2) District Magistrate/District Collector/Deputy Commissioner
3) Divisional Commissioner
4) Member Board of Revenue
5) Chairman of Revenue
> An IES officer gets the opportunity to join railways, roads, telecom, or any other infrastructure-related service as an officer/engineer.
> IES officers are mainly placed in the technical departments for handling technical duties in various branches of government services.
>A degree in Engineering is the minimum requirement to be eligible to appear for the exam.
>The exam consists of only two rounds – a written exam & an interview round. There is no qualifying round to write the main written paper and there is no limit on the attempts you can take at cracking the IES exam.
> Candidates selected for IES start their tenure as Assistant Director. The hierarchy in the service is as follows:
Higher Administrative Grade +(Principal/Chief Adviser, equivalent to the level of Secretary in the Government of India)
Higher Administrative Grade (Senior Economic Adviser/Senior Adviser, equivalent to the level of Addl. Secretary in the Government of India)
Senior Administrative Grade (Economic Adviser/Adviser, equivalent to the level of Joint Secretary in the Government of India)
Non-Functional Selection Grade (Director/Additional Economic Adviser, equivalent to the level of Director in the Government of India)
Junior Administrative Grade (Joint Director/Deputy Economic Adviser/Deputy Adviser, equivalent to the level of Deputy Secretary in the Government of India)
Senior Time Scale (Deputy Director/Assistant Adviser/Assistant Commissioner/Senior Research Officer, equivalent to the level of Under Secretary in the Government of India)
Junior Time Scale (Assistant Director)
Difference between IAS and IES selection procedure
IAS Selection Procedure
> Preliminary Exam, Main Exam, and Personal Interview
Approximately 66 (1/3%) posts are meant for Direct Recruitment and 33 (1/3%) posts are meant for the promotion of quota candidates. Direct recruit IAS officers are allocated to the State cadres/ Joint State Cadres on the basis of his/her’s rank, preference, and availability of vacancy.
IES Selection Procedure
> Written Exam and Personal Interview
The choice of whether to enter the arenas IES or IAS depends entirely on the candidate as per their interest, nature of the job, and so on. Even if one is selected for IES or IAS, he/she is responsible for the law, order, and general administration in the area under his jurisdiction. He/she would need to carry out all their duties with utmost diligence and integrity so as to serve mankind and the entire nation.