More than 152 million children are forced into Child Labour globally. Over more than 10 million children below the age of 12 years are forced to physical labor. Many legislative actions and governmental regulations have been instituted to eradicate child labor. Here we will deal with Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act – Facts for UPSC-
Child Labour in India
The population pressure envisages acute income shortage for a significant portion of the current Indian population. This hampers their cultural and social psyche. Therefore Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act was introduced to eliminate this agony. It forms an important part of the UPSC Curriculum. It is included within the topic Indian Polity and Constitutional Culture.
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 prohibits children below the age of 14 years to get involved in any physically laborious activities in the manufacturing and construction industries especially. Regulations regarding working hours and wage rate were also introduced. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 also mandates that the children could not be engaged in working for any hazardous material industry.
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016
“An Act to prohibit the engagement of children in all occupations and to prohibit the engagement of adolescents in hazardous occupations and processes and the matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.”
- Reservation of the rights of the children will be advocated through The Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986. Violating the aforementioned law would be considered punishable under the jurisdictional claims.
- The Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 bars the employment of any children in hazardous industries. Hazardous industries can be classified as those industries where the emission of smoke and harmful gases can cause severe bodily damage to children. This happens in factory-like environments.
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Rules, 2017
The Government of India introduced The Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986. Several provisions and amendments were incorporated into the existing provisions of the Act to include more comprehensive actions under its ambit-
- Better steps would be initiated to implement the guidelines and the policies mentioned in The Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986.
- There will be clarity on the work environment and ethics for family enterprises.
- Safeguarding the rights and privileges of the existing creative and artistic laborers. Therefore their work hours, wage levels, and income levels should be categorically analyzed through the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.
- The law agencies would have to take added responsibilities to ensure the smooth implementation of the laws and regulations associated with the relevant act. Smooth implementation would ensure better compliance mechanisms and a coordinated approach to resolve problems and find better and more productive outcomes.
What Constitutes Child Labour?
Following actions under the rules and regulations of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 are constituted to be a part of Child Labour-
- Forced Recruitment of children in armed conflict and guerilla warfare.
- Child Prostitution with the furtherance of child abuse and social exploitation of children.
- Use of children for socially illicit activities like transportation of drugs, use as a mule for dangerous diplomatic missions and sacrificing the dreams and desires of the child to live a normal life.
- The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 also includes work, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, that is likely to harm the health, safety, and morals of children.
Therefore regulation of the authorities, stringent actions of the government, advocating strict punishments in case of non-compliance, and the proper implementation of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 and its subsequent amendments are important to eliminate child labor and advocate the growth of physical and mental well-being in children.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Is Advocacy of Child Labour an important topic for UPSC?
The Prohibition and Regulation Act was introduced to eliminate discrimination against children in society. It forms an important part of the UPSC Curriculum. It includes with the topic of Indian Polity and Constitutional Culture.
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